Having access to clean water is essential. Drinking water that has not been treated is extremely dangerous. It is, therefore, important to ensure the water in your home has been purified before drinking. Untreated water contains pathogens and other impurities that can be harmful to your health. In case your water home gets contaminated and you have no access to bottled water, there are various methods you can use to purify the water and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Read on to learn more about these methods.
This is the most common, cheapest and safest method. Germs and parasite are not visible to the naked eye and their effects can sometimes be lethal. For this reason, it is always advisable to boil water before drinking it.
Heat the water until it reaches boiling point and should be left to continue boiling for up to five minutes. This increases the safety of the water since the longer you boil the water, the more purified it becomes. Cover the boiled water and leave it to cool before drinking.
PURIFICATION USING IODINE
Iodine can also be used to purify water. It kills the pathogens in the water. Nonetheless, iodine is a chemical and should only be used for short-term use. Although effective, most people are turned off by the taste but you can stir in additives such as lemon powder to get rid of the bitterness.
To your collected water, add 2% iodine solution and let it sit for about thirty minutes. Iodine is also available in the form of iodine tablets. Two tablets should be used in a liter of water. Let the solution sit for a minimum of thirty minutes. Shake the water thoroughly before drinking it.
I know this might sound a bit odd but yes, bleach can be used to kill bacteria in contaminated water. Since it is a chemical, it advisable to follow the instructions carefully for successful water treatment.
First off, check whether the bleach is soap-free, unscented and it should not be expired. Fill water in a jug and add 1/16 teaspoon of bleach (4 drops) to every liter of water. Stir or shake the mixture and let it sit for not less than 30 minutes before drinking it.
Solar disinfection is a convenient and cheap way of killing pathogens in water when boiling is impossible. It uses the heat from the sun to purify the water. For this process to be successful, you will need clear plastic bottles, contaminated water and of course sunlight.
Fill the plastic bottles with water and tightly close the lids. Place the bottles in direct sunlight for not less than 6 hours. What makes this method a success is the ability of the plastic bottle to trap heat from the sun and the ultraviolet rays pasteurize the water.
For many years now, chlorine has been used to treat water for home consumption. It is known to kill pathogens and other disease-causing organisms that are contained in the water. Just like in iodine, you can purify water using either liquid chlorine or chlorine tablets.
If you opt for the chlorine tablets, use them in heated water as they dissolve better and faster in water with a temperature of 21 degrees or higher.
Water softeners are used to get rid of the hardness of water. It accomplishes this by eliminating all the dissolved minerals in the water such as magnesium and calcium which make water hard. Other than it being a cheaper method compared to the rest, below are some of the advantages of using water treated with water softeners
- It causes softer skin and smoother hair.
- It results in shinier glassware when used for cleaning purposes.
- It results in brighter laundry
- It reduces the usage of soap.
These are among the best and easiest way to purify your water at home. Stay safe by using the above methods before drinking water that is not bottled. Remember, drinking clean water is vital to your survival.